RIAM, Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University

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In 1951, the Research Institute for Applied Mechanics (RIAM) was established by unifying two bodies, the Research Institute for Fluid Engineering (founded in 1942) and the Research Institute for Elasticity Engineering (founded in 1943). It originally consisted of 6 sections involving in fluid and solid mechanics.

 Rapid progress in science and engineering has widened the perspective and diversified the spectrum of applied mechanics. The research activity of the Institute has been naturally expanded beyond its original scope into more interdisciplinary and contemporary areas of applied mechanics. Two examples of its new research activities are the ocean research project and the nuclear fusion research project.

The former aims at the development of new technology for measuring ocean and the scientific study of the ocean by a variety of the data sets gathered with newly developed technology, while the latter pursues establishment of steady operation of superconducting magnets, high-temperature plasma physics, a method of confining and controlling high-density plasma, mechanisms of plasma-wall interactions, and efficient material for fusion reactor.

History of the Institute
History of the Institute

To carry through these projects, additional facilities are equipped. The Tsuyazaki Marine Observatory Tower Station was constructed 2km off Tsuyazaki in the eastern channel of the Tsushima Strait in 1965. And the High Field Superconducting Tokamak TRIAM-1M started its operation in 1986. The Institute moved to Chikushi campus from Hakozaki campus in 1983.

In order to foster more researches into interdisciplinary and comprehensive areas of applied mechanics including such new areas, as well as to advance basic researches into a deeper understanding of complex phenomena by means of mechanics, we restructured the Institute in April 1997. The RIAM is composed of 3 divisions and 2 research centers (See the Organization chart for details), and became a inter-university Joint Use Research Institute which promotes nation-wide research. Researchers reside and meet at the Institute, utilize its facilities for their research, and interact with Institute members. The Institute will be a national and international center promoting contact and interaction among researchers in the various fields of applied mechanics.

In April, 2007, with the assessment period of 10 years coming to an end the year before, the Dynamics Simulation Research Center and the Reactor Core Research Center was reorganized each into the Center for East Asian Ocean-Atmosphere Research (5 research fields) and the Advanced Fusion Research Center (3 research fields).

As for the graduate school education, in April 1984, the following year of the campus transfer to Chikushi campus, the Department of High-Energy Material Science was founded under the Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, and in April 1990, the Department for Atmosphere-Ocean Environmental System Studies. These departments became cooperative sub-departments to each other. Three courses remained as cooperative sub-departments under the Department of Aerospace Engineering, School of Engineering. In April 1998, the Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences was reorganized and the Department of High-Energy Material Science was renamed as the Department of Advanced Energy Engineering Science, and one of the cooperative sub-departments of the Institute was transferred from the department to the newly founded Department of Molecular and Material Sciences.